It is the Great Acceleration:. Since the industrial Revolution , global population has grown sevenfold, and the global economy has grown fold But it was actually only in the last 50 years when economic development has driven a phenomenal increase in the demand for energy, land and water.
This growth has improved the lives of billions of people. Our global average life expectancy is over More children reach adulthood and fewer women die during childbirth. Poverty is at an historic low. All this we should celebrate. However, these improvements of the Great Acceleration have come at a huge cost to the stability of the natural systems that sustain us. Greenhouse gas emissions have risen at alarming rates. Living Planet Report Aiming Higher. Grooten, M. WWF, Gland, Switzerland, pages 22, Of course natural resources are unevenly distributed and consumption patterns are different from country to country.
Please see the graphics on pages 30, 32, Our wishes for better come true for the sake of us all:. We should all become activists. PS: You are invited to measure your carbon footprint here. Spanish version. Un futuro sin futuro.
En mayor o menor grado, somos hijos de nuestro entorno y, de una u otra manera, todos buscamos lo mismo: un sentido para nuestra existencia. Nadie a quien culpar. Votamos por un nuevo despertar. No estamos separados unos de otros y no estamos separados de la naturaleza. Vivimos en grandes comunidades porque en realidad nos gusta estar juntos y nos facilita mucho la tarea de sobrevivir. Casi 4 mil millones de personas de 7,67 mil millones y contando Ante todo necesitamos la naturaleza para sobrevivir.
Todo viene de la naturaleza. In this context, we explore connections to the recent controversy surrounding conflicting discourses over the meaning and value of the Mosque-Cathedral. Social movements in crisis? From the M movement to the electoral shift in Spain. Social left-wing political contestation and activism in Spain have undergone great changes over t First, there has been a shift from the M movement that took over public plazas with its ambiguous claims basically related to radical democracy and rejection of institutional politics, to a new focus on social problems generated by the crisis, highlighting issues such as housing and cutbacks in social rights.
Second, there has been a shift towards institutional politics in How should this recent whirlwind evolution in political contestation to status quo be understood? What is the relation between the changing material conditions of the population and the extremely shifting shape of left-wing militancy in Spain? The paper aims to discuss these issues.
¿Cuándo la ADA se convirtió en ley?
Los paisajes patrimoniales de la Sierra de Huelva. A partir del debate sobre la complejidad conceptual del paisaje y los paisajes patrimo-niales est Landscapes and heritage landscapes. A methodological approach applied on 'Sierra de Huelva' Acknowledging the complexity of both concepts landscapes and heritage landscapes, a few methodological keys embedded in a broader framework are explored in order to understand landscapes through their character and heritage landscapes through heritagetisation processes and vectors. It is concluded that heritagetisation is spatially selective and some areas can be identified by means of the density and the intensity of its heritage vectors.
Recuperando espacios y resignificando el concepto patrimonio desde los movimientos sociales. Recovering spaces and resignifying the concept of cultural heritage from social movements. The case of the La Higuera self-managed social center for squatters Cadiz, Andalusia The relations between historical heritage, civil society and the State in historical cities are of outstanding interest, and a multidisciplinary approach from social sciences is required to tackle them.
There are contradictions between the cultural heritage public-destiny guaranteed by the State and the forms by which conservation and management have been carried out, due to the marginalization of initiatives from citizens, from social movements, whereas other initiatives fostering heritage thematization and marketization have been implemented. It is argued that these processes respond to private interests acting for their own benefit, and therefore in opposition to the socially based conceptualisation of cultural heritage.
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Given this situation, the capacity of radical movements and projects in the daily struggle against the neoliberalisation of the historical city is explored, focusing on the repercussions for urban heritage discourse and praxis through an example in the city of Cadiz. Keywords: heritage theory; ideology; Cadiz; social movements; squatting. Book chapters. Ciudad de vacaciones. The return to the historical city centre. Heritage conservation and its subordination to urban dy Heritage conservation and its subordination to urban dynamics: the case of Seville.
Historical city centres are complex spaces where multidimensional urban dynamics interact with the urban heritage in which the memory of the city is preserved. The thesis postulates that the development of this dialectical relationship has been influenced by the rise and consolidation of the post-Fordist city and transnational capitalism.go to link
It is argued that business and urban development have prevailed over heritage in the understanding and management of historical city centres since the s. Research relating to these sites has tended to be dominated by authorised discourses focusing at the scale of detail such as architecture or at city scales that have considered historical city centres as neighbourhoods. Urban and heritage characteristics such as morphology, functionality, identity or social character which could be explored using study at the intermediate scale, have frequently been left aside.
The interaction between urban dynamics and processes of heritage construction within historical city centres are analysed in two ways: theoretical and practical.
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The theoretical part deals with the character, intensity and rhythms of the processes that shape urban and heritage dynamics in urban historical areas at international with an emphasis on Western Europe and state level. It investigates the lack of attention to the spatial dimension, which could be viewed as a key factor explaining why physical heritage assets such as monuments tend to be considered of more value than other, less tangible cultural expressions. The evolution of urban and heritage policies in the city and the treatment of cultural assets are analysed in depth at three scales.
At the general scale, the degree of impact and distribution of building transformation and substitution in the city centre are considered. At the detailed scale, attention is drawn to ten representative cultural assets, which are examined on their own and in relation to the urban setting in which they are placed. When materiality matters.
Housing, social movements and the M in Spain. Massive indignados demonstrations in were a breaking point in Spanish social movements.
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After several decades of modernization, economic growth and increase in social and class mobility; the economic miracle based on fictitious capital and speculation shattered to pieces, dragging large population sectors into systematic impoverishment and social polarization.
Yet, while the latter is still in recession, that policies seem to have substantially changed grassroots politics. Prior to , social movements were characterized by micropolitics and fragmentation, focused on self-management, culture and identity issues, fitting into what had been theorized as the new social movements.
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However, these have gone through a series of mutations since , being a turning point the demonstrations that happened across the country on 15th May As a consequence, the movement known as M opened a new fight cycle, where materiality, and especially housing, has gained a key role. Therefore, this work aims to analyse that new cycle from a critical geohistorical perspective, paying attention to the new articulations on the geographies of social movements, especially those related to housing and its influence over social mobilization.
Meanwhile, other longstanding legal issues, including those related to counter-narcotic policies and the penitentiary situation, occupy an important place on the policy agenda. May 5, Perspective from Cuba: What is Changing? Most recently, president Obama decided to remove Cuba from the list of states that sponsor terrorism, opening the way towards establishing diplomatic relations.
Roberto Veiga and Lenier Gonzalez, who founded and direct Cuba Posible, a research organization and online forum based on Havana, shared some opening remarks, which were followed by a wide-ranging exchange. He set forth an ambitious agenda for greater equity, sustainability and prosperity, as reflected in his recently published book, The Shared Society: A Vision for the Global Future of Latin America Stanford University Press.
Toledo was president of Peru from to He received his Ph.
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